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Flow hydraulics and mixing characteristics in and downstream from Brandon Road Lock, Joliet, Illinois

Scientific Investigations Report 2018-5094

Prepared in cooperation with the Great Lakes Restoration Initiative
By:
https://doi.org/10.3133/sir20185094

Links

  • Document: Report (pdf)
  • Data Releases:
    • USGS data release - Multibeam bathymetry and sediment depth data at select locations on the Des Plaines River near Joliet, Illinois, February 13–14, 2017
    • USGS data release - Miscellaneous flow discharge measurements collected downstream of Brandon Road Lock and Dam
    • USGS data release - Acoustic Doppler current profiler velocity and discharge measurements collected in and near the lock chamber of Brandon Road Lock and Dam, Joliet, Illinois, USA in December 2014
    • USGS data release - Bathymetric survey of the Brandon Road Dam Spillway, Joliet, Illinois
    • USGS data release - Rhodamine WT dye concentration profiles measured at fixed stations in the Brandon Road Lock chamber near Rockdale, Illinois (October 20, 2015)
    • USGS data release - Rhodamine WT dye concentrations measured at fixed locations in the Des Plaines River near Brandon Road Lock and Dam near Rockdale, Illinois (October 20–21, 2015)
    • USGS data release - Spatial distribution of Rhodamine WT dye concentration measured in the Des Plaines River near Brandon Road Lock and Dam near Rockdale, Illinois (October 20–21, 2015)
    • USGS data release - Water surface elevation in the Brandon Road Lock chamber near Rockdale, Illinois (October 19–21, 2015)
  • Download citation as: RIS | Dublin Core

Abstract

The Brandon Road Lock and Dam on the Des Plaines River near Joliet, Illinois, has been identified for potential implementation of aquatic nuisance species (ANS) control measures. To provide additional information concerning the flow hydraulics and mixing characteristics of the lock and downstream approach channel, the U.S. Geological Survey performed a detailed study of the site between December 2014 and October 2015, which included the collection and analysis of bathymetric, hydrodynamic, and dye tracer data. Synthesis of these data allowed a characterization of the site for future use in feasibility studies of potential ANS control technologies. The results of this study show a highly dynamic system driven primarily by lock operations but influenced by channel characteristics, industrial withdrawals, and meteorological forcing. Lock operation produces rapidly varying flows in the downstream approach channel, including transient oscillations that produce bidirectional flows. When the lock is not in operation, flows in the approach channel are primarily driven by leakage and wind forcing. Uniform concentrations of dissolved constituents in the lock chamber can be achieved by injection of the constituent into the existing lock filling and emptying system; however, valve and gate leakage can inhibit the mixing at the downstream end of the lock and substantially affects the ability to maintain a treated lock chamber at a uniform target concentration at tailwater level. Proper understanding of these hydraulic factors should be accounted for if the lock is to be used to deliver any dissolved constituent or operated in a way to prevent upstream passage of floating ANS. Moreover, extremely variable flow conditions including bidirectional flows and upstream return flows must be considered when implementing any ANS control technologies in the approach channel.

Suggested Citation

Engel, F.L., Jackson, P.R., and Murphy, E.A., 2018, Flow hydraulics and mixing characteristics in and downstream from Brandon Road Lock, Joliet, Illinois: U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Report 2018–5094, 32 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/sir20185094.

ISSN: 2328-0328 (online)

Study Area

Table of Contents

  • Acknowledgments
  • Abstract
  • Introduction
  • Methods of Data Collection and Data Analysis
  • Flow Hydraulics and Mixing Characteristics
  • Implications for Aquatic Nuisance Species Control
  • Summary and Conclusions
  • References Cited

Additional publication details

Publication type:
Report
Publication Subtype:
USGS Numbered Series
Title:
Flow hydraulics and mixing characteristics in and downstream from Brandon Road Lock, Joliet, Illinois
Series title:
Scientific Investigations Report
Series number:
2018-5094
DOI:
10.3133/sir20185094
Year Published:
2018
Language:
English
Publisher:
U.S. Geological Survey
Publisher location:
Reston, VA
Contributing office(s):
Illinois-Iowa-Missouri Water Science Center
Description:
Report: vii, 32 p.; 8 Data Releases
Country:
United States
State:
Illinois
City:
Joliet
Other Geospatial:
Brandon Road Lock
Online Only (Y/N):
Y
Additional Online Files (Y/N):
Y