Digital flood-inundation maps for a 9.3-mile reach of the Iowa River along the Meskwaki Settlement, Iowa, were created by the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) in cooperation with the Sac and Fox Tribe of the Mississippi in Iowa. The flood-inundation maps, which can be accessed through the USGS Flood Inundation Mapping Science website at https://water.usgs.gov/osw/flood_inundation/, depict estimates of the areal extent and depth of flooding corresponding to selected water levels (stages) at the USGS streamgage 05451770 on the Iowa River at County Highway E49 near Tama, Iowa. Near-real-time stages at this streamgage may be obtained on the internet from the USGS National Water Information System at https://waterdata.usgs.gov/ or the National Weather Service (NWS) Advanced Hydrologic Prediction Service at https://water.weather.gov/ahps/, which also forecasts flood hydrographs at this site.
Flood profiles were computed for the stream reach by means of a calibrated one-dimensional and two-dimensional step-backwater hydraulic model. The model was calibrated by using the current stage-discharge relation at the USGS streamgage 05451770 on the Iowa River at County Highway E49 near Tama, Iowa, and stage and discharge data from historic flooding events that were recorded at the streamgage.
The hydraulic model was then used to compute eight water-surface profiles for flood stages at 1-foot intervals referenced to the streamgage datum and ranging from the NWS “action stage” of 11 feet (ft) to 18 ft, the stage exceeding the estimated 0.2-percent annual exceedance probability (500-year recurrence interval) flood, as determined at the USGS streamgage 05451770. The simulated water-surface profiles were then combined with a geographic information system digital elevation model to delineate the area flooded at each flood stage (water level).
In addition, potential modifications to hydraulic structures within the flood plain were modeled so any effects from the potential modifications could be evaluated. Four comparison points, which were along the flood plain, showed little to no change (less than 0.1 ft) in flood elevation from the existing conditions within the flood plain for the 11- to 16-ft stages as referenced to the USGS streamgage 05451770. There were greater changes (more than 0.1 ft) in flood elevation for the 2 comparison points that were closest to the modified hydraulic structure for the 2 highest modeled stages of 17 and 18 ft.
The availability of these maps, along with internet information regarding current stage from the USGS streamgage and forecasted high-flow stages from the NWS, will provide emergency management personnel and residents with information that is critical for flood-response activities such as evacuations and road closures, as well as for postflood recovery efforts.
Cigrand, C.V., 2019, Flood-inundation maps for the Iowa River at the Meskwaki Settlement in Iowa, 2019: U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Report 2019–5050, 12 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/sir20195050.
ISSN: 2328-0328 (online)
Table of Contents
- Creation of Flood-Inundation-Map Library
- Potential Modifications Within the Flood Plain
- References Cited
Additional publication details
|Publication Subtype||USGS Numbered Series|
|Title||Flood-inundation maps for the Iowa River at the Meskwaki Settlement in Iowa, 2019|
|Series title||Scientific Investigations Report|
|Publisher||U.S. Geological Survey|
|Publisher location||Reston, VA|
|Contributing office(s)||Iowa Water Science Center, Central Midwest Water Science Center|
|Other Geospatial||Meskwaki Settlement|
|Online Only (Y/N)||Y|
|Additional Online Files (Y/N)||N|