Flood-Inundation Maps for a 23-Mile Reach of the Medina River at Bandera, Texas, 2018

Scientific Investigations Report 2019-5067
Prepared in cooperation with the Bandera County River Authority and Groundwater District and the Texas Water Development Board
By:  and 

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Abstract

In 2018, the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS), in cooperation with the Bandera County River Authority and Groundwater District and the Texas Water Development Board, studied floods through the period of record to create a library of flood-inundation maps for the Medina River at Bandera, Texas. Digital flood-inundation maps for a 23-mile reach of the Medina River at and near Bandera, from the confluence with Winans Creek to English Crossing Road, were developed. The flood-inundation maps depict estimates of the areal extent and depth of flooding corresponding to a range of different gage heights (gage height is commonly referred to as “stage,” or the water-surface elevation at a streamflow-gaging station) at USGS streamflow-gaging station 08178880 Medina River at Bandera, Tex. (hereinafter referred to as the “Bandera station”). Water-surface profiles were computed for the stream reach by means of a one-dimensional step-backwater model. The stage-discharge (streamflow) relation effective in 2018 was used to calibrate the model, and stages from four recent flood events were used to independently validate the model. The calibrated hydraulic model was then used to compute 29 water-surface profiles for stages at 1-foot (ft) increments referenced to the station datum and ranging from 10 ft (near bankfull) to 38 ft, which exceeds the major flood stage of the National Weather Service Advanced Hydrologic Prediction Service of 24 ft. The simulated water-surface profiles were then combined with a geographic information system digital elevation model (derived from light detection and ranging data having a 0.4-ft vertical accuracy and 1.6-ft horizontal resolution) to delineate the area flooded for stages ranging from 10 to 38 ft.

The digital flood-inundation maps are delivered through the USGS Flood Inundation Mapper application that presents map libraries and provides detailed information on flood-inundation extents and stages for modeled sites. The flood-inundation maps developed in this study, in conjunction with the real-time stage data from the Bandera station, are intended to help guide the public in taking individual safety precautions and provide emergency management personnel with a tool to efficiently manage emergency flood operations and post-flood recovery efforts.

Suggested Citation

Choi, N., and Engel, F.L., 2019, Flood-inundation maps for a 23-mile reach of the Medina River at Bandera, Texas, 2018: U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Report 2019–5067, 15 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/sir20195067.

ISSN: 2328-0328 (online)

Table of Contents

  • Abstract
  • Introduction
  • Creation of Flood-Inundation Map Library
  • Summary
  • References Cited

Additional publication details

Publication type Report
Publication Subtype USGS Numbered Series
Title Flood-inundation maps for a 23-mile reach of the Medina River at Bandera, Texas, 2018
Series title Scientific Investigations Report
Series number 2019-5067
DOI 10.3133/sir20195067
Year Published 2019
Language English
Publisher U.S. Geological Survey
Publisher location Reston, VA
Contributing office(s) Texas Water Science Center
Description Report: viii, 15 p.; Fact Sheet: 2 p.; Data Release
Online Only (Y/N) Y
Additional Online Files (Y/N) Y