Precipitation, Peak Streamflow, and Inundation in the Bynum Run and Winters Run Watersheds in Harford County, Maryland

Scientific Investigations Report 2021-5007
Prepared in cooperation with the Harford County Department of Public Works
By:  and 

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Abstract

The Harford County Department of Public Works and the U.S. Geological Survey have been working cooperatively to monitor continuous streamflow at several streamgages in Harford County, Maryland, including Bynum Run and Winters Run. A perceived recent uptick in the number of flooding events in the Bynum Run and Winters Run watersheds have led to questions about the relative frequency and magnitude of floods experienced by county residents. Precipitation, stage (water elevation), and peak flow analyses and trends were evaluated. Although there was no one contributor to point to for the perceived increase in flooding, it is most likely attributable to a combination of precipitation, stage, and peak flow. There have been numerous rainfall events with exceedingly long return intervals, but none were statistically out of the ordinary. The stages of the streams at higher flows are slightly higher (less than 0.5 feet) than historical stages, but likely are not great enough to cause a significant increase in flooding. The ratings (stage discharge relationship) for the streams have changed slightly. The latest ratings indicate erosion and deposition in the streambed over the years of observation, but again these alone do not result in more flooding. These factors taken together may point to an observational bias for incidental flooding. With the increase in land development, there may simply be more observations of flooding in the county.

Suggested Citation

Nealen, C.W., and Doheny, E.J., 2021, Precipitation, peak streamflow, and inundation in the Bynum Run and Winters Run watersheds in Harford County, Maryland: U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Report 2021–5007, 12 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/sir20215007.

ISSN: 2328-0328 (online)

Study Area

Table of Contents

  • Abstract
  • Introduction
  • Methods
  • Results
  • Summary
  • References Cited
  • Glossary
Publication type Report
Publication Subtype USGS Numbered Series
Title Precipitation, peak streamflow, and inundation in the Bynum Run and Winters Run watersheds in Harford County, Maryland
Series title Scientific Investigations Report
Series number 2021-5007
DOI 10.3133/sir20215007
Year Published 2021
Language English
Publisher U.S. Geological Survey
Publisher location Reston, VA
Contributing office(s) Maryland-Delaware-District of Columbia Water Science Center
Description vi, 12 p.
Country United States
State Maryland
County Harford County
Online Only (Y/N) Y
Additional Online Files (Y/N) N
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