Information resources

Techniques and Methods 15-C9
Edited by: J. Christian FransonMilton FriendSamantha E.J. Gibbs, and Margaret A. Wild



During recent decades, natural resources agency personnel and others involved with the management and stewardship of wildlife have experienced an increasing need to access information and obtain technical assistance for addressing a diverse array of wildlife disease issues. This Chapter provides a broad overview of selected sources for obtaining supplemental information and technical assistance for addressing wildlife disease issues in North America. Specifically, examples of existing major wildlife disease programs focusing on free-ranging wildlife populations are highlighted; training opportunities for enhancing within-agency wildlife disease response are identified; a selected reading list of wildlife disease references is provided; and selected Web sites providing timely information on wildlife disease are highlighted. No attempt is made to detail all the North American programs and capabilities that address disease in free-ranging wildlife populations. Instead, this Chapter is focused on enhancing awareness of the types of capabilities that exist as potential sources for assistance and collaboration between wildlife conservation agency personnel and others in addressing wildlife disease issues.

A wide variety of entities across North America are involved in wildlife disease investigations; however, the formal assembly of multidimensional programs that primarily address disease for the benefit of free-ranging wildlife is rather limited. The Southeastern Cooperative Wildlife Disease Study (SCWDS), the National Wildlife Health Center (NWHC), and the Canadian Wildlife Health Cooperative (CWHC) are selected examples. These programs are highlighted because of the scope of their capabilities and long-term involvement in assisting State and Federal natural resource agencies combat wildlife disease. A variety of other sources for possible assistance in addressing wildlife disease issues exists throughout North America and globally. It is prudent for wildlife conservation field biologists, managers, and administrators to be aware of such local resources. Ideally, awareness and knowledge of the types of assistance those programs can provide should be obtained prior to disease crisis events since appropriate, timely intervention often is required to minimize wildlife losses from disease and prevent the establishment of new infectious diseases within wildlife populations and geographic areas. Increasing recognition of the substantial number of infectious diseases being transferred between wildlife, domestic animals, and humans has led to increased collaborative investigations between wildlife, domestic, and human health programs. That collaboration has led to a heightened focus on wildlife disease within some public health and agriculture agencies. For purposes of this Chapter, wildlife disease is narrowly defined as those diseases (infectious and noninfectious) causing morbidity and mortality in free-ranging wildlife populations. Therefore, there is no focus on the numerous fish disease or environmental contaminant programs that exist on behalf of North American fauna.

Suggested Citation

Friend, M., 2015, Information resources, in Franson, J.C., Friend, M., Gibbs, S.E.J., and Wild, M.A., eds. Field manual of wildlife diseases: U.S. Geological Survey Techniques and Methods, 15–C9, 23 p.,

ISSN: 2328-7055 (online)

Table of Contents

  • Introduction
  • Federal Wildlife Disease Programs within the U.S. Department of the Interior
  • Wildlife Disease Programs in Other Federal Departments
  • Regional Wildlife Disease Programs
  • State Natural Resource Agency Wildlife Disease Programs
  • University Based Wildlife Disease Programs
  • Other Programs
  • Wildlife Disease Information
  • References Cited

Additional publication details

Publication type Report
Publication Subtype USGS Numbered Series
Title Information resources
Series title Techniques and Methods
Series number 15-C9
DOI 10.3133/tm15C9
Year Published 2015
Language English
Publisher U.S. Geological Survey
Publisher location Reston, VA
Contributing office(s) National Wildlife Health Center
Description v, 24 p.
Larger Work Type Report
Larger Work Subtype USGS Numbered Series
Larger Work Title Section C: Techniques in disease surveillance and investigation in Book 15: Field Manual of Wildlife Diseases
Public Comments This report is Chapter 9 of Section C: Techniques in disease surveillance and investigation in Book 15: Field Manual of Wildlife Diseases
Online Only (Y/N) Y
Additional Online Files (Y/N) N
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