Lakes and Reservoirs—Guidelines for Study Design and Sampling

Techniques and Methods 9-A10
By:

Links

Abstract

The “National Field Manual for the Collection of Water-Quality Data” (NFM) is an online report with separately published chapters that provides the protocols and guidelines by which U.S. Geological Survey personnel obtain the data used to assess the quality of the Nation’s surface-water and groundwater resources. Chapter A10 reviews limnological principles, describes the characteristics that distinguish lakes from reservoirs, and provides guidance for developing temporal and spatial sampling strategies and data-collection approaches to be used in lake and reservoir environmental investigations.

Within this chapter are references to other chapters of the NFM that provide more detailed guidelines related to specific topics and more detailed protocols for the quality assurance and assessment of the lake and reservoir data. Protocols and procedures to address and document the quality of lake and reservoir investigations are adapted from, or referenced to, the protocols and standard operating procedures contained in related chapters of this NFM.

Before 2017, the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) “National Field Manual for the Collection of Water-Quality Data” (NFM) chapters were released in the USGS Techniques of Water-Resources Investigations series. Effective in 2018, new and revised NFM chapters are being released in the USGS Techniques and Methods series; this series change does not affect the content and format of the NFM. More information is in the general introduction to the NFM (USGS Techniques and Methods, book 9, chapter A0, 2018) at https://doi.org/10.3133/tm9A0. The authoritative current versions of NFM chapters are available in the USGS Publications Warehouse at https://pubs.er.usgs.gov. Comments, questions, and suggestions related to the NFM can be addressed to nfm-owq@usgs.gov.

Suggested Citation

U.S. Geological Survey, 2018, Lakes and reservoirs—Guidelines for study design and sampling: U.S. Geological Survey Techniques and Methods, book 9, chap. A10, 48 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/tm9a10. [Supersedes USGS Techniques of Water-Resources Investigations, book 9, chap. A10, version 1.0]

ISSN: 2328-7055 (online)

Table of Contents

  • Abstract
  • 1.0 Introduction
  • 2.0 Basic Limnology
  • 3.0 Comparative Properties of Lakes and Reservoirs
  • 4.0 General Considerations for Study Design
  • 5.0 Preparations for Data Collection: Data Management and Safety Precautions
  • 6.0 Field-Measured Properties
  • 7.0 Sampling in the Water Column
  • 8.0 Sampling Bottom Material
  • 9.0 Sampling Biological Components
  • Acknowledgments
  • References Cited
  • Glossary

Additional publication details

Publication type Report
Publication Subtype USGS Numbered Series
Title Lakes and reservoirs—Guidelines for study design and sampling
Series title Techniques and Methods
Series number 9-A10
DOI 10.3133/tm9A10
Edition Version 1.0: May 2018
Year Published 2018
Language English
Publisher U.S. Geological Survey
Publisher location Reston, VA
Contributing office(s) Arkansas Water Science Center
Description vi, 48 p.
Larger Work Type Report
Larger Work Subtype USGS Numbered Series
Larger Work Title Section A: National field manual for the collection of water-quality data in Book 9:Handbooks for water-resources investigations
Public Comments This report is Chapter 10 of Section A: National field manual for the collection of water-quality data in Book 9:Handbooks for water-resources investigations. [Supersedes USGS Techniques of Water-Resources Investigations, book 9, chap. A10, version 1.0]
Online Only (Y/N) Y
Additional Online Files (Y/N) N