Flumes for measuring discharge are usually of two general groups-critical-flow flumes and supercritical-flow flumes. In this chapter, the underlying design principles for each group are discussed; the most commonly used flumes are described and their discharge ratings presented. There is also discussion of considerations in choosing and fitting the appropriate flume for a given situation as well as flume construction techniques and operational experiences.
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USGS Numbered Series
Use of flumes in measuring discharge
Techniques of Water-Resources Investigations
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