Ground water near Newton, Jasper County, Iowa

Water-Resources Investigations Report 2001-4148

Prepared in cooperation with City of Newton, Iowa



The U.S. Geological Survey, in cooperation with the city of Newton, Iowa, conducted an investigation of the ground-water resources of Jasper County, Iowa, near Newton during 1999-2001. The purpose of the investigation was to provide additional information on the South Skunk River alluvial aquifer from which Newton obtains its present municipal supply and to summarize the available information on other groundwater resources in the county.

The South Skunk River alluvial aquifer consists of unconsolidated deposits of sand and gravel of glacial and fluvial origin. These deposits overlie bedrock composed primarily of shale and limestone of Pennsylvanian or Mississippian age. Information on the South Skunk River alluvial aquifer and other Jasper County alluvial aquifers is limited to a few test holes in a few locations. Additional thickness and lithologic information was collected using seismic refraction and test hole drilling to increase the understanding of the South Skunk River alluvial aquifer near Newton. Water-level and water-quality information also was collected.

The alluvial deposits along the South Skunk River near Newton range from less than 30 to more than 60 feet thick. Three areas of deposits exceeding 60 feet thick occur near the present city of Newton well field about 5,000 feet west of the present well field, at the present well field, and about 5,000 feet southeast of the present well field.

Ground water in the South Skunk River alluvial aquifer near the Newton well field flows toward the municipal well field. Ground-water levels on the well-field side of the South Skunk River were lower than water levels in the river, indicating flow from the river toward the well field.

The water quality in the South Skunk River and the alluvial aquifer was similar, except most ground-water samples contained low dissolved oxygen concentrations. The low dissolved-oxygen concentrations in ground water resulted in high concentrations of iron and manganese in some locations and reduced forms of nitrogen.

Study Area

Additional publication details

Publication type:
Publication Subtype:
USGS Numbered Series
Ground water near Newton, Jasper County, Iowa
Series title:
Water-Resources Investigations Report
Series number:
Year Published:
U.S. Geological Survey
Publisher location:
Reston, VA
Contributing office(s):
Iowa Water Science Center
iv, 28 p.; ill., maps; 28 cm.
United States
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