Three-dimensional measurements of flow in uncased wells completed in basalt, Mountain Home Air Force Base, Idaho, March 2000

Water-Resources Investigations Report 2001-4259

Prepared in cooperation with the Department of the Air Force



Several ground-water monitoring wells on the Mountain Home Air Force Base in southwestern Idaho were constructed in February 2000 to replace existing monitoring wells that became ineffective as a result of declining water levels. Upon completion of the replacement wells, borehole geophysical logs were collected, including natural gamma radiation, electromagnetic induction, caliper, fluid temperature, and resistivity. A prototype borehole acoustic doppler velocimeter (B-ADV) was used to make experimental three-dimensional measurements of lateral and vertical flow in two of the replacement wells, MW11–2 and MW3–2, each 450 feet deep, to better understand ground-water flow in the basalt underlying this area. Measurements indicated two independent flow zones in each well: unit B, from about 380 to about 415 feet below land surface, and unit C, from about 415 to about 430 feet below land surface. In each well, direction of flow in unit B was north-northwest toward Canyon Creek and, in unit C, south-southwest toward the Snake River. Measurements also indicated downward intraborehole flow in both wells. Unit B appeared to represent a local-scale flow regime; unit C appeared to represent a regional flow regime. This information suggests the existence of a complex three-dimensional hydrogeologic setting that cannot be discriminated easily on conventional waterlevel maps. Although data from only two wells are insufficient to construct a conceptual model of the ground-water flow regime, these experimental results demonstrate the capability of the B-ADV to obtain detailed flow measurements that, combined with data from other types of geophysical logs, discrete measurements of hydraulic head, and water chemistry, would aid in future studies and management of the ground-water resources, including contaminant transport and remediation.

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Publication type:
Publication Subtype:
USGS Numbered Series
Three-dimensional measurements of flow in uncased wells completed in basalt, Mountain Home Air Force Base, Idaho, March 2000
Series title:
Water-Resources Investigations Report
Series number:
Year Published:
U.S. Geological Survey
Publisher location:
Reston, VA
Contributing office(s):
Idaho Water Science Center
iii, 13 p.
United States