Ground-water resources of the alluvial aquifers in northeastern Larimer County, Colorado

Water-Resources Investigations Report 77-7




Ground water is a source of municipal, domestic, stock, and irrigation supply for most of northeastern Larimer County, Colo. A study of the alluvial aquifers in the northeastern part of the county was conducted to determine volume of water in storage, rate and location of ground-water withdrawals, and chemical quality of the water with particular attention to dissolved solids, hardness, sulfate, and selenium. There are 251 large-capacity wells in the study area. Well yields range from about 80 gpm (gallons per minute) to a little over 1,800 gpm. Total volume of water in storage is about 133,000 acre-feet--32 ,000 acre-feet in the alluvium of Buckeye terrace and 101,000 acre-feet in the valley-fill aquifer associated with Boxelder Creek. Ground-water withdrawals for irrigation are about 25,000 acre-feet annually. The municipal wells pumped 210 acre-feet in 1974. The factors affecting ground-water quality are the quality of applied irrigation water, the amount of water lost to evapotranspiration during irrigation, and, to a lesser degree, solution of soluble material in the alluvium and in the bedrock at the base of the alluvium. Ground water at the north end of the Buckeye terrace contains only about 300 mg/liter dissolved solids. Recharge is from surface water containing less than 90 mg/liter dissolved solids. Concentrations of all constituents increase downgradient to the south due to solution and evaporative concentration. (Woodard-USGS)

Additional publication details

Publication type:
Publication Subtype:
USGS Numbered Series
Ground-water resources of the alluvial aquifers in northeastern Larimer County, Colorado
Series title:
Water-Resources Investigations Report
Series number:
Year Published:
U.S. Geological Survey, Water Resources Division,
iv, 31 p. :ill. (1 fold. col. in pocket), maps (5 fold. col. in pocket) ;26 cm.