Public-supply and industrial water withdrawals were inventoried for the Mississippi part of the Black Warrior-Tombigbee Basin and for Alcorn County, Mississippi. The study area, located in the northeastern part of the State, is largely forested or agricultural land, with some industries near the larger towns. A water-resource capacity analysis was done to determine a risk rating for each inventoried facility, evaluating the likelihood of the facility exceeding the capacity of its current source of water at the existing level of use. Published reports and potentiometric maps were used in this analysis to determine the source capacity and the effects withdrawals have had on each water source. The public-supply and industrial water withdrawals in the basin are from ground water, with the exception of the city of Columbus. About 97 percent of the total withdrawal of 80 million gallons per day is from ground water. Water-supply systems in three areas were determined to have a high risk of exceeding the water-resource capacity: the Tupelo-Lee County area, the West Point (Clay County) area, and the Starkville (Oktibbeha County) area.