Information on the ground-water system in the northern part of Juab Valley, Utah, is needed by water managers to plan the optimal use of surface water that will be imported by the Central Utah Project and ground water pumped locally. The response of the ground-water system to an increase in withdrawal with no new sources of recharge was simulated to provide a baseline for comparing possible water-management plans and to determine their potential effects on wetlands in the area.
To assess the effects of additional withdrawal on the system, a 50-year-long stress period was added to the end of the existing three-dimensional, finite-difference, ground-water flow model. This stress period simulates recharge and discharge stresses determined for 1987-92. Another model was constructed by simulating 30 additional wells pumping a total of 4,000 acre-feet per year in the 50-year-long stress period. The 30 additional wells were simulated in a north-south trending line along the eastern part of the valley and as pumping from the bottom model layer. The difference between model-computed water-level changes after 10, 30, and 50 years with and without the additional pumped wells was calculated for the uppermost model layer.
Water-level declines of more than 6 feet were computed for layer 1 in the area east of Mona Reservoir, and natural sources of ground-water discharge in the northern part of the valley decreased in response to 30 years of additional pumping. Discharge from springs and seeps computed in 2022 of the revised model simulating additional pumping decreased by about 7 percent and computed discharge by evapotranspiration decreased by about 23 percent relative to the same time in the revised model simulating no additional pumping.