Toxicity of TFM lampricide to early life stages of walleye

North American Journal of Fisheries Management
By: , and 


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The authors studied the effects of the lampricide 3-trifluoromethyl-4-nitrophenol (TFM) on gametes, newly fertilized eggs, eyed eggs, larvae, and swim-up fry of the walleye Stizostedion vitreum . When gametes from sexually mature walleyes were stripped into solutions of TFM, no effects were observed during the fertilization process at concentrations up to 3.0 mg/L - three times the concentration lethal to 99.9% of larval sea lampreys Petromyzon marinus held 12 h (LC99.9) under the same test conditions. Newly fertilized eggs likewise were unaffected during water hardening by concentrations of TFM that were lethal to sea lamprey ammocoetes. Eyed eggs, sac fry, and swim-up fry yielded LC25 values that were 2.5 to 5 times greater than the 12-h LC99.9 for sea lamprey ammocoetes. The data thus indicated that all of the early life stages of walleyes tested were considerably more resistant than sea lamprey ammocoetes to TFM, and that it is unlikely they would be adversely affected by standard stream treatments to kill sea lamprey ammocoetes.

Additional publication details

Publication type Article
Publication Subtype Journal Article
Title Toxicity of TFM lampricide to early life stages of walleye
Series title North American Journal of Fisheries Management
Volume 7
Issue 4
Year Published 1987
Language English
Publisher U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service
Contributing office(s) Upper Midwest Environmental Sciences Center
Description pp. 598-601
Larger Work Type Article
Larger Work Subtype Journal Article
Larger Work Title North American Journal of Fisheries Management
First page 598
Last page 601