Salt toxicosis in waterfowl in North Dakota

Journal of Wildlife Diseases
By: , and 



About 150 waterfowl died and another 250 became weak and lethargic from suspected salt poisoning after using White Lake, a highly saline lake in Mountrail County, North Dakota. Frigid temperatures made fresh water unavailable, forcing the birds to ingest the saline waters with resultant toxic effects. Sick birds recovered when removed from the salt water and released into fresh water marshes. Brain sodium levels were higher in dead geese submitted for necropsy than in controls.

Study Area

Additional publication details

Publication type Article
Publication Subtype Journal Article
Title Salt toxicosis in waterfowl in North Dakota
Series title Journal of Wildlife Diseases
DOI 10.7589/0090-3558-23.3.443
Volume 23
Issue 3
Year Published 1987
Language English
Publisher Wildlife Disease Association
Contributing office(s) National Wildlife Health Center
Description 4 p.
First page 443
Last page 446
Country United States
State North Dakota
County Mountrail
Other Geospatial White Lake
Online Only (Y/N) N
Additional Online Files (Y/N) N