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Environmental gradients and identification of wetlands in north-central Florida

Wetlands

By:
, , , and
DOI: 10.1007/BF03161341

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Abstract

Vegetation composition, soil morphology, and hydrology were characterized along wetland-to-upland gradients at six forested sites in north-central Florida to compare results of Federal wetland delineation methods with 3–5 yr of hydrologic data. Wetland and non-wetland identifications were supported by hydrology data in eight of nine plant communities. Lack of hydric soil indicators and hydrophytic vegetation in two upland communities (scrub and mixed mesic hardwoods) agreed with a deep water table. Six wetland communities (cypress dome, cypress strand, bayhead, cypress/bayhead, red maple/oak swamp, and cedar swamp) with field indicators of wetland hydrology, hydrophytic vegetation, and hydric soils were inundated or had water tables at or near the ground surface at least 5% of the growing season in most years., Flatwoods communities, however, occurred at intermediate positions on the moisture gradient and could not be consistently identified as wetland or upland communities. Identification of flatwoods as wetlands depended on wetland delineation method and was not usually supported by hydrologic measurements. In the flatwoods community, soil properties and vegetation composition were correlated with the mean and standard deviation of water-table depths, as well as the depth continuously exceeded by the water table at least 5% of the growing season in most years. Various hydrologic parameters need to be considered in addition to the 5% exceedence level currently used in Federal wetland delineation guidance when characterizing wetland conditions in low-gradient areas such as flatwoods.

Additional publication details

Publication type:
Article
Publication Subtype:
Journal Article
Title:
Environmental gradients and identification of wetlands in north-central Florida
Series title:
Wetlands
DOI:
10.1007/BF03161341
Volume:
16
Issue:
4
Year Published:
1996
Language:
English
Publisher:
Springer
Contributing office(s):
Southeast Ecological Science Center
Description:
12 p.
First page:
512
Last page:
523
Online Only (Y/N):
N
Additional Online Files (Y/N):
N