Model-based estimation of individual fitness

EURING 2000 Conference, Point Reyes, California, October 1-7. PDF on file: 5825_Link.pdf
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Fitness is the currency of natural selection, a measure of the propagation rate of genotypes into future generations. Its various definitions have the common feature that they are functions of survival and fertility rates. At the individual level, the operative level for natural selection, these rates must be understood as latent features, genetically determined propensities existing at birth. This conception of rates requires that individual fitness be defined and estimated by consideration of the individual in a modelled relation to a group of similar individuals; the only alternative is to consider a sample of size one, unless a clone of identical individuals is available. We present hierarchical models describing individual heterogeneity in survival and fertility rates and allowing for associations between these rates at the individual level. We apply these models to an analysis of life histories of Kittiwakes (Rissa tridactyla ) observed at several colonies on the Brittany coast of France. We compare Bayesian estimation of the population distribution of individual fitness with estimation based on treating individual life histories in isolation, as samples of size one (e.g. McGraw & Caswell, 1996).
Publication type Book chapter
Publication Subtype Book Chapter
Title Model-based estimation of individual fitness
Year Published 2002
Language English
Contributing office(s) Patuxent Wildlife Research Center
Description 669
Larger Work Type Book
Larger Work Subtype Other Government Series
Larger Work Title Statistical analysis of data from marked bird populations
First page 207
Last page 224
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