Whooping crane titers to eastern equine encephalitis vaccinations

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Edited by: Felipe Chavez-Ramirez


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In 1984 an epizootic of eastern equine encephalitis (EEE) virus killed 7 of 39 (18%) whooping cranes in captivity at the Patuxent Wildlife Research Center in Laurel, Maryland, USA. Since that time whooping cranes have been vaccinated with a human EEE vaccine. This vaccine was unavailable for several years, necessitating use of an equine vaccine in the cranes. This study compared the antibody titers measured for three years using the human vaccine with those measured for two years using the equine form. Whooping cranes developed similarly elevated titers in one year using the human vaccine and both years using the equine vaccine. However, in two years where the human vaccine was used, the whooping cranes developed significantly lower titers compared to other years.

Additional publication details

Publication type Book chapter
Publication Subtype Book Chapter
Title Whooping crane titers to eastern equine encephalitis vaccinations
Year Published 2005
Language English
Publisher North American Crane Working Group
Publisher location Baraboo, Wisconsin
Contributing office(s) Patuxent Wildlife Research Center
Description xi, 257
Larger Work Type Book
Larger Work Subtype Other Government Series
Larger Work Title Proceedings of the Ninth North American Crane Workshop: 17-20 January 2003, Sacramento, California
First page 21
Last page 23