Factors affecting coastal wetland loss and restoration

Chapter 12. ISBN 978-1-4113-2021-5 PDF on file: 6908_Cahoon.pdf
Edited by: S.W. Phillips


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Opening paragraph: Tidal and nontidal wetlands in the Chesapeake Bay watershed provide vital hydrologic, water-quality, and ecological functions. Situated at the interface of land and water, these valuable habitats are vulnerable to alteration and loss by human activities including direct conversion to non-wetland habitat by dredge-and-fill activities from land development, and to the effects of excessive nutrients, altered hydrology and runoff, contaminants, prescribed fire management, and invasive species. Processes such as sea-level rise and climate change also impact wetlands. Although local, State, and Federal regulations provide for protection of wetland resources, the conversion and loss of wetland habitats continue in the Bay watershed. Given the critical values of wetlands, the Chesapeake 2000 Agreement has a goal to achieve a net gain in wetlands by restoring 25,000 acres of tidal and nontidal wetlands by 2010. The USGS has synthesized findings on three topics: (1) sea-level rise and wetland loss, (2) wetland restoration, and (3) factors affecting wetland diversity.

Additional publication details

Publication type Book chapter
Publication Subtype Book Chapter
Title Factors affecting coastal wetland loss and restoration
Series number 1316
Year Published 2007
Language English
Contributing office(s) Patuxent Wildlife Research Center
Description 63
Larger Work Type Book
Larger Work Subtype Other Government Series
Larger Work Title Synthesis of U.S. Geological Survey science for the Chesapeake Bay ecosystem and implications for environmental management
First page 50
Last page 53