Mortality of white-tailed deer in northeastern Minnesota

Journal of Wildlife Management
By:  and 



Two hundred nine white-tailed deer (Odocoileus virginianus) were radiotracked in the central Superior National Forest, Minnesota, from 1973 through winter 1983-84; 85 deaths were recorded. Annual survival was 0.31 for fawns (< 1.0 years old), 0.80 for yearling (1.0-2.0 years old) females, 0.41 for yearling males, 0.79 for adult (.gtoreq. 2.0 years old) females, and 0.47 for adult males. Monthly survival rates were high from May through December (0.94-1.00), except for yearling (0.60) and adult (0.69) bucks during the November hunting season. Most mortality occurred from January through April when gray wolf (Canis lupus) predation was an important mortality source for all cohorts. Yearling males were most vulnerable to hunting and adult males to wolf predation.

Additional publication details

Publication type Article
Publication Subtype Journal Article
Title Mortality of white-tailed deer in northeastern Minnesota
Series title Journal of Wildlife Management
Volume 50
Issue 4
Year Published 1986
Language English
Contributing office(s) Patuxent Wildlife Research Center
Description 691-698
Larger Work Type Article
Larger Work Subtype Journal Article
Larger Work Title Journal of Wildlife Management
First page 691
Last page 698