Conditioned aversion of aluminum sulfate in black ducks

Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry



Three experiments were conducted to determine if reduced consumption of foods with elevated Al levels by black ducks (Anas rubripes) was due to taste aversion, conditioned taste aversion or malaise. Black ducks preferred a diet with 1,000 ppm Al over a control diet but ate less of a diet with 5,000 ppm Al. Prior experience with the high Al diet enhanced preference for the control diet. Changes in body weight and food consumption through time suggested that aversion to the high Al diet was a conditioned response to mild malaise.

Additional publication details

Publication type Article
Publication Subtype Journal Article
Title Conditioned aversion of aluminum sulfate in black ducks
Series title Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry
Volume 9
Issue 4
Year Published 1990
Language English
Contributing office(s) Patuxent Wildlife Research Center
Description 479-483
Larger Work Type Article
Larger Work Subtype Journal Article
Larger Work Title Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry
First page 479
Last page 483
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