Wolf predation risk associated with white-tailed deer movements

Canadian Journal of Zoology
By:  and 



The survival of 159 yearling and adult deer (Odocoileus virginianus) was monitored by telemetry during 282 spring and 219 fall individual migrations to winter deeryards in northeastern Minnesota. A disproportionate number of deer were killed by wolves (Canis lupus) during fall migration relative to the short time they spent migrating, but not during spring migration. Predation was also significantly greater for male and female yearlings and adult females outside deeryards during winter. Survival of 79 yearlings dispersing from natal ranges was high (1.00). It appears that changing climatic conditions combined with unfamiliar terrain and undetermined factors predispose migratory deer to wolf predation during fall. These findings support an earlier hypothesis that winter yarding is an antipredator strategy.

Additional publication details

Publication type Article
Publication Subtype Journal Article
Title Wolf predation risk associated with white-tailed deer movements
Series title Canadian Journal of Zoology
Volume 69
Issue 10
Year Published 1991
Language English
Contributing office(s) Patuxent Wildlife Research Center
Description 2696-2699
Larger Work Type Article
Larger Work Subtype Journal Article
Larger Work Title Canadian Journal of Zoology
First page 2696
Last page 2699