Global biodiversity: Indicators of recent declines

By: , and 



In 2002, world leaders committed, through the Convention on Biological Diversity, to achieve a significant reduction in the rate of biodiversity loss by 2010. We compiled 31 indicators to report on progress toward this target. Most indicators of the state of biodiversity (covering species’ population trends, extinction risk, habitat extent and condition, and community composition) showed declines, with no significant recent reductions in rate, whereas indicators of pressures on biodiversity (including resource consumption, invasive alien species, nitrogen pollution, overexploitation, and climate change impacts) showed increases. Despite some local successes and increasing responses (including extent and biodiversity coverage of protected areas, sustainable forest management, policy responses to invasive alien species, and biodiversity-related aid), the rate of biodiversity loss does not appear to be slowing.

Publication type Article
Publication Subtype Journal Article
Title Global biodiversity: Indicators of recent declines
Series title Science
DOI 10.1126/science.1187512
Volume 328
Issue 5982
Year Published 2011
Language English
Publisher American Association for the Advancement of Science
Publisher location Washington, D.C.
Contributing office(s) Patuxent Wildlife Research Center
Description 5 p.
First page 1164
Last page 1168
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