Vertebrate species introductions in the United States and its territories

Current Zoology
By:  and 



At least 1,065 introduced vertebrate species have been introduced in the United States and its territories, including at least 86 mammalian, 127 avian, 179 reptilian/amphibian, and 673 fish species. Examples in each major taxonomic group include domestic cat, small Indian mongoose, red fox, goat, pig, rabbit, rats, house mouse, gray squirrel, nutria, starling, Indian common myna, red-vented bulbul, brown treesnake, red-eared slider, brown trout, tilapia, and grass carp. We briefly review some of these species and the types of damage they cause. We then review the basic types of methods used for control or eradication of each taxonomic group, including physical, chemical, biological, and cultural methods. We discuss some of the challenges in managing these species, including issues with the use of toxicants, land access, public attitudes, and monitoring difficulties. Finally, we list some ongoing research and future research needs, including improved detection methods, improved attractants, improved barriers, improved capture methods, fertility control, and risk assessment methods.

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Publication type Article
Publication Subtype Journal Article
Title Vertebrate species introductions in the United States and its territories
Series title Current Zoology
DOI 10.1093/czoolo/57.5.559
Volume 57
Issue 5
Year Published 2011
Language English
Publisher Oxford Academic
Contributing office(s) Southeast Ecological Science Center
Description 9 p.
First page 559
Last page 567
Country United States
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