Use of microearthquakes in the study of the mechanics of earthquake generation along the San Andreas fault in central California


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A small, dense network of independently recording portable seismograph stations was used to delineate the slip surface associated with the 1966 Parkfield-Cholame earthquake by precise three dimensional mapping of the hypocenters of its aftershocks. The aftershocks were concentrated in a very narrow vertical zone beneath or immediately adjacent to the zone of surf ace fracturing that accompanied the main shock. Focal depths ranged from less than 1 km to a maximum of 15 km. The same type of portable network was used to study microearthquakes associated with an actively creeping section of the San Andreas fault south of Hollister during the summer of 1967. Microearthquake activity during the 6-week operation of this network was dominated by aftershocks of a magnitude-4 earthquake that occurred within the network near Bear Valley on July 23. Most of the aftershocks were concentrated in an equidimensional region about 2 1 2km across that contained the hypocenter of the main shock. The zone of the concentrated aftershocks was centered near the middle of the rift zone at a depth of about 3 1 2km. Hypocenters of other aftershocks outlined a 25 km long zone of activity beneath the actively creeping strand of the fault and extending from the surface to a depth of about 13 km. A continuing study of microearthquakes along the San Andreas, Hayward, and Calaveras faults between Hollister and San Francisco has been under way for about 2 years. The permanent telemetered network constructed for this purpose has grown from about 30 stations in early 1968 to about 45 stations in late 1969. Microearthquakes between Hollister and San Francisco are heavily concentrated in narrow, nearly vertical zones along sections of the Sargent, San Andreas, and Calaveras faults. Focal depths range from less than 1 km to about 14 km. ?? 1970.

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Use of microearthquakes in the study of the mechanics of earthquake generation along the San Andreas fault in central California
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