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State and local response to damaging land subsidence in United States urban areas

Engineering Geology

By:
https://doi.org/10.1016/0013-7952(89)90041-0

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Abstract

Land subsidence caused by man-induced depressuring of underground reservoirs has occurred in at least nine urban areas in the United States. Significant efforts to control it have been made in three areas: Long Beach, California; Houston-Galveston, Texas; and Santa Clara Valley, California. In these areas coastal flooding and its control cost more than $300 million. Institutional changes were required in each area to ameliorate its subsidence problem.

In Long Beach and Houston Galveston, efforts were made to mitigate subsidence only after significant flood damage had occurred. To arrest subsidence at Long Beach, the city lobbied for a special state law, the California Subsidence Act, that required unitization and repressuring of the Wilmington oil field. In the Houston-Galveston region, the Texas State Legislature authorized formation of the Harris-Galveston Coastal Subsidence District with authority to regulate groundwater pumping by permit. This solution, which was achieved through efforts of entities affected by subsidence, was the product of a series of compromises necessitated by political fragmentation and disjointed water planning in the region. Amelioration of subsidence in the Santa Clara Valley was a collateral benefit from the effort by water users to curtail ground-water overdraft in the valley. Importation of surface water and a tax on ground-water pumpage reduced ground-water use, thereby allowing the recovery of water level and the arresting of subsidence.

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Additional publication details

Publication type:
Article
Publication Subtype:
Journal Article
Title:
State and local response to damaging land subsidence in United States urban areas
Series title:
Engineering Geology
DOI:
10.1016/0013-7952(89)90041-0
Volume:
27
Issue:
1-4
Year Published:
1989
Language:
English
Publisher:
Elsevier
Description:
18 p.
First page:
449
Last page:
466
Country:
United States
State:
Arizona, California, Georgia, Louisiana, Nevada, Texas
City:
Baldwin Hills, Baton Rouge, Houston-Galveston, Las Vegas, Long Beach, New Orleans, Phoenix, Santa Clara Valley, Savannah