Methods for measuring discharge under ice cover

Journal of Hydraulic Engineering



Streamflow-velocity adjustment coefficients at several common vertical positions varied significantly from station to station and from measurement to measurement at some stations. The ice-cover roughness was the primary factor affecting the profiles at most stations. Several discharge-measurement procedures were developed using one-half of the data collected, and the accuracy of the procedures were evaluated using the other half of the data. The relative error for each method was computed by comparing estimated discharge to discharge computed using complete vertical-profile information. Two procedures - a one-point method with velocity measured at 0.4D (where D is the effective depth of flow) using a site-specific adjustment coefficient and a two-point method using velocity measured at 0.4D and 0.8D - were found to be the most accurate in terms of bias and root-mean-squared error. -from Author

Additional publication details

Publication type Article
Publication Subtype Journal Article
Title Methods for measuring discharge under ice cover
Series title Journal of Hydraulic Engineering
DOI 10.1061/(ASCE)0733-9429(1994)120:11(1327)
Volume 120
Issue 11
Year Published 1994
Language English
Publisher ASCE
Larger Work Type Article
Larger Work Subtype Journal Article
Larger Work Title Journal of Hydraulic Engineering
First page 1327
Last page 1336
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