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Nitrogen isotopes as indicators of nitrate sources in Minnesota sand-plain aquifers

Ground Water

By:
and
DOI: 10.1111/j.1745-6584.1993.tb01818.x

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Abstract

Nitrate concentrations in excess of national drinking-water standards (10 mg/1 as N) are present in certain sand-plain aquifers in central Minnesota. To investigate nitrate sources in the aquifers, nitrogen-isotope values of nitrate (δ15NNO3No3) were measured in shallow ground water from 51 wells in five land-use settings. The land-use settings and corresponding average nitrate concentrations (as N) and δ15NNO3 values are: livestock feedlots, 12.7 mg/1, 21.3%0; cultivated-irrigated fields, 13 mg/1, 7.4%0; residential areas with septic systems, 8.3 mg/1, 6.0%0; cultivated-nonirrigated fields, 15.5 mg/1, 3.4%0; and natural, undeveloped areas, 3.8 mg/1, 3.1%0. Values of δ15NNO3 less than 2%0 suggest that nitrogen from commercial inorganic fertilizers exists in ground water beneath all settings except the feedlots. Values of δ15NNO3 greater than 10%0 suggest that nitrogen from animal waste is present in ground water beneath certain feedlots, cultivated-irrigated fields that are fertilized with manure, and residential areas with septic systems. Values of δ15NNO3 between 22 and 43%0 in ground water beneath the feedlots probably result from denitrification. Values of δ15NNO3 increase with depth in many locations in the sand-plain aquifers. These increases may be caused by progressive denitrification with depth or by changes with depth in the proportions of nitrate from different sources. Similarly, variations of δ15NNO3 values from 1986 to 1987 in certain locations may be due to temporal variations in the amounts of denitrification or to changes in the proportions of nitrate from different sources. Ambiguities in the interpretation of changes in δ15NNO3 values could be eliminated by increasing the spatial and temporal frequency of sampling.

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Additional publication details

Publication type:
Article
Publication Subtype:
Journal Article
Title:
Nitrogen isotopes as indicators of nitrate sources in Minnesota sand-plain aquifers
Series title:
Ground Water
DOI:
10.1111/j.1745-6584.1993.tb01818.x
Volume:
31
Issue:
2
Year Published:
1993
Language:
English
Publisher:
National Ground Water Association
Publisher location:
Worthington, OH
Contributing office(s):
Minnesota Water Science Center
Description:
11 p.
Larger Work Type:
Article
Larger Work Subtype:
Journal Article
Larger Work Title:
Ground Water
First page:
260
Last page:
270
Country:
United States
State:
Minnesota
Online Only (Y/N):
N
Additional Online Files (Y/N):
N