Strong-acid, carboxyl-group structures in fulvic acid from the Suwannee River, Georgia. 2. Major structures

Environmental Science & Technology
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Abstract

Polycarboxylic acid structures that account for the strong-acid characteristics (pKa1 near 2.0) were examined for fulvic acid from the Suwannee River. Studies of model compounds demonstrated that pKa values near 2.0 occur only if the a-ether or a-ester groups were in cyclic structures with two to three additional electronegative functional groups (carboxyl, ester, ketone, aromatic groups) at adjacent positions on the ring. Ester linkage removal by alkaline hydrolysis and destruction of ether linkages through cleavage and reduction with hydriodic acid confirmed that the strong carboxyl acidity in fulvic acid was associated with polycarboxylic a-ether and a-ester structures. Studies of hypothetical structural models of fulvic acid indicated possible relation of these polycarboxylic structures with the amphiphilic and metal-binding properties of fulvic acid.

Additional publication details

Publication type Article
Publication Subtype Journal Article
Title Strong-acid, carboxyl-group structures in fulvic acid from the Suwannee River, Georgia. 2. Major structures
Series title Environmental Science & Technology
DOI 10.1021/es00002a016
Volume 29
Issue 2
Year Published 1995
Language English
Publisher ACS Publications
Contributing office(s) Toxic Substances Hydrology Program
Description 7 p.
First page 399
Last page 405
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