Spectroscopic confirmation of uranium(VI)-carbonato adsorption complexes on hematite

Environmental Science & Technology
By: , and 



Evaluating societal risks posed by uranium contamination from waste management facilities, mining sites, and heavy industry requires knowledge about uranium transport in groundwater, often the most significant pathway of exposure to humans. It has been proposed that uranium mobility in aquifers may be controlled by adsorption of U(VI)−carbonato complexes on oxide minerals. The existence of such complexes has not been demonstrated, and little is known about their compositions and reaction stoichiometries. We have used attenuated total reflectance Fourier transform infrared (ATR-FTIR) and extended X-ray absorption fine structure (EXAFS) spectroscopies to probe the existence, structures, and compositions of ≡FeOsurface−U(VI)−carbonato complexes on hematite throughout the pH range of uranyl uptake under conditions relevant to aquifers. U(VI)−carbonato complexes were found to be the predominant adsorbed U(VI) species at all pH values examined, a much wider pH range than previously postulated based on analogy to aqueous U(VI)−carbonato complexes, which are trace constituents at pH < 6. This result indicates the inadequacy of the common modeling assumption that the compositions and predominance of adsorbed species can be inferred from aqueous species. By extension, adsorbed carbonato complexes may be of major importance to the groundwater transport of similar actinide contaminants such as neptunium and plutonium.
Publication type Article
Publication Subtype Journal Article
Title Spectroscopic confirmation of uranium(VI)-carbonato adsorption complexes on hematite
Series title Environmental Science & Technology
DOI 10.1021/es990048g
Volume 33
Issue 14
Year Published 1999
Language English
Publisher ACS
Contributing office(s) Toxic Substances Hydrology Program
Description 4 p.
First page 2481
Last page 2484
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