Hydrology of the coastal sabkhas of Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates

Hydrogeology Journal
By:  and 



Water fluxes were estimated and a water budget developed for the land surface and a surficial 10-m-deep section of the coastal sabkhas that extend from the city of Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates, west to the border with Saudi Arabia. The fluxes were estimated on the basis of water levels and hydraulic conductivities measured in wells and evaporation rates measured with a humidity chamber. In contrast with conceptual models proposed in earlier studies, groundwater inflow is estimated to be small, whereas the largest components of the water budget are recharge from rainfall and evaporation from the water table. Estimates within a rectilinear volume of sabkha, defined as 1 m wide by 10 km long by 10 m deep, indicate that about 1 m3/year of water enters and exits by lateral groundwater flow; 40–50 m3/year enters by upward leakage; and 640 m3/year enters by recharge from rainfall. Based on the water and solute fluxes estimated for the upward leakage into the sabkha, 7–8 pore volumes of brine have entered the sabkha from below since the time the sabkha became saturated (7,000 years ago) as a result of the last global sea-level rise.

Study Area

Publication type Article
Publication Subtype Journal Article
Title Hydrology of the coastal sabkhas of Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates
Series title Hydrogeology Journal
DOI 10.1007/s100400100137
Volume 9
Issue 4
Year Published 2001
Language English
Publisher Springer
Publisher location Berlin, Germany
Description 9 p.
First page 358
Last page 366
Country United Arab Emirates
City Abu Dhabi
Online Only (Y/N) N
Additional Online Files (Y/N) N
Google Analytic Metrics Metrics page
Additional publication details