Debris flow deposition and reworking by the Colorado River in Grand Canyon, Arizona

Water Resources Research
By: , and 



Flow regulation by large dams affects downstream flow competence and channel maintenance. Debris flows from 740 tributaries in Grand Canyon, Arizona, transport coarse‐grained sediment onto debris fans adjacent to the Colorado River. These debris fans constrict the river to form rapids and are reworked during river flows that entrain particles and transport them downstream. Beginning in 1963, flood control operations of Glen Canyon Dam limited the potential for reworking of aggraded debris fans. We analyzed change in debris fans at the mouths of 75‐Mile and Monument Creeks using photogrammetry of aerial photography taken from 1965 to 2000 and supplemented with ground surveys performed from 1987 to 2005. Our results quantify the debris fan aggradation that resulted from debris flows from 1984 to 2003. Volume, area, and river constriction increased at both debris fans. Profiles of the two debris fans show that net aggradation occurred in the middle of debris fans at stages above maximum dam releases, and surface shape shifted from concave to convex. Dam releases above power plant capacity partially reworked both debris fans, although reworking removed much less sediment than what was added by debris flow deposition. Large dam releases would be required to create additional reworking to limit the rate of debris fan aggradation in Grand Canyon.

Study Area

Publication type Article
Publication Subtype Journal Article
Title Debris flow deposition and reworking by the Colorado River in Grand Canyon, Arizona
Series title Water Resources Research
DOI 10.1029/2005WR004847
Volume 42
Issue 11
Year Published 2006
Language English
Publisher American Geophysical Union
Contributing office(s) Washington Water Science Center, Rocky Mountain Regional Office
Description W11411, 16 p.
Country United States
State Arizona
Other Geospatial Colorado River, Grand Canyon
Online Only (Y/N) N
Additional Online Files (Y/N) N
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