New estimates for Io eruption temperatures: Implications for the interior

By: , and 



The initial interpretation of Galileo data from Jupiter's moon, Io, suggested eruption temperatures ≥1600°C. Tidal heating models have difficulties explaining Io's prodigious heat flow if the mantle is >1300°C, although we suggest that temperatures up to ~1450°C may be possible. In general, Io eruption temperatures have been overestimated because the incorrect thermal model has been applied. Much of the thermal emission from high-temperature hot spots comes from lava fountains but lava flow models were utilized. We apply a new lava fountain model to the highest reported eruption temperature, the SSI observation of the 1997 eruption at Pillan. This resets the lower temperature limit for the eruption from ~1600 to ~1340°C . Additionally, viscous heating of the magma may have increased eruption temperature by ~50-100°C as a result of the strong compressive stresses in the ionian lithosphere. While further work is needed, it appears that the discrepancy between observations and interior models is largely resolved.

Publication type Article
Publication Subtype Journal Article
Title New estimates for Io eruption temperatures: Implications for the interior
Series title Icarus
DOI 10.1016/j.icarus.2007.07.008
Volume 192
Issue 2
Year Published 2007
Language English
Publisher Elsevier Science B.V.
Contributing office(s) Astrogeology Science Center
Description 12 p.
First page 491
Last page 502
Other Geospatial Io
Online Only (Y/N) N
Additional Online Files (Y/N) N
Google Analytics Metrics Metrics page
Additional publication details