Coal and cremation at the Tschudi burn, Chan Chan, Northern Peru

Archaeometry
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Abstract

Analyses of a 20-30 cm thick, completely combusted ash at the 25 ?? 70 m Tschudi burn at Chan Chan, northern Peru??, contain 52-55 wt% SiO2, 180-210 ppm zirconium and are consistent with coal ash. Soil geochemistry across the burn showed elevated calcium and phosphorus content, possible evidence for reported human cremation. A calcined, 5 g, 4.5 cm skull fragment recovered from the burn was confirmed as human by protein radioimmunoassay (pRIA). X-ray diffraction showed that the bone had been heated to 520??C. The burn took place c. ad 1312-1438 based on interpretation of a 14C date on carbonized plant tinder. ?? 2008 University of Oxford.

Additional publication details

Publication type Article
Publication Subtype Journal Article
Title Coal and cremation at the Tschudi burn, Chan Chan, Northern Peru
Series title Archaeometry
DOI 10.1111/j.1475-4754.2007.00358.x
Volume 50
Issue 3
Year Published 2008
Language English
Larger Work Type Article
Larger Work Subtype Journal Article
Larger Work Title Archaeometry
First page 495
Last page 515