Evaluation of sewage source and fate on southeast Florida coastal reefs

Marine Pollution Bulletin
By: , and 



Water, sponge and coral samples were collected from stations impacted by a variety of pollution sources and screened for human enteric viruses as conservative markers for human sewage. While human enteroviruses and adenoviruses were not detected, noroviruses (NoV; human genogroups I and II) were detected in 31% of samples (especially in sponge tissue). Stations near inlets were the only ones to show multiple sample types positive for NoV. Fecal indicator bacteria and enteric viruses were further evaluated at multiple inlet stations on an outgoing tide. Greatest indicator concentrations and highest prevalence of viruses were found at the mouth of the inlet and offshore in the inlet plume. Results suggest that inlets moving large volumes of water into the coastal zone with tides may be an important source of fecal contaminants. Efforts to reduce run-off or unintended release of water into the Intracoastal Waterway may lower contaminants entering sensitive coastal areas. ?? 2011 Elsevier Ltd.
Publication type Article
Publication Subtype Journal Article
Title Evaluation of sewage source and fate on southeast Florida coastal reefs
Series title Marine Pollution Bulletin
DOI 10.1016/j.marpolbul.2011.08.046
Volume 62
Issue 11
Year Published 2011
Language English
Larger Work Type Article
Larger Work Subtype Journal Article
Larger Work Title Marine Pollution Bulletin
First page 2308
Last page 2316
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