Shoaling of nonlinear internal waves in Massachusetts Bay

Journal of Geophysical Research C: Oceans
By: , and 



The shoaling of the nonlinear internal tide in Massachusetts Bay is studied with a fully nonlinear and nonhydrostatic model. The results are compared with current and temperature observations obtained during the August 1998 Massachusetts Bay Internal Wave Experiment and observations from a shorter experiment which took place in September 2001. The model shows how the approaching nonlinear undular bore interacts strongly with a shoaling bottom, offshore of where KdV theory predicts polarity switching should occur. It is shown that the shoaling process is dominated by nonlinearity, and the model results are interpreted with the aid of a two-layer nonlinear but hydrostatic model. After interacting with the shoaling bottom, the undular bore emerges on the shallow shelf inshore of the 30-m isobath as a nonlinear internal tide with a range of possible shapes, all of which are found in the available observational record. Copyright 2008 by the American Geophysical Union.

Study Area

Publication type Article
Publication Subtype Journal Article
Title Shoaling of nonlinear internal waves in Massachusetts Bay
Series title Journal of Geophysical Research C: Oceans
DOI 10.1029/2008JC004726
Volume 113
Issue 8
Year Published 2008
Language English
Contributing office(s) Woods Hole Coastal and Marine Science Center
Description C08031, 18 p.
Country United States
State Masschusetts
Other Geospatial Massachusetts Bay
Google Analytic Metrics Metrics page
Additional publication details