Decreasing prevalence of brucellosis in red deer through efforts to control disease in livestock

Epidemiology and Infection
By: , and 

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Abstract

When a pathogen infects a number of different hosts, the process of determining the relative importance of each host species to the persistence of the pathogen is often complex. Removal of a host species is a potential but rarely possible way of discovering the importance of that species to the dynamics of the disease. This study presents the results of a 12-year programme aimed at controlling brucellosis in cattle, sheep and goats and the cascading impacts on brucellosis in a sympatric population of red deer (Cervus elaphus) in the Boumort National Game Reserve (BNGR; NE Spain). From February 1998 to December 2009, local veterinary agencies tested over 36 180 individual blood samples from cattle, 296 482 from sheep and goats and 1047 from red deer in the study area. All seropositive livestock were removed annually. From 2006 to 2009 brucellosis was not detected in cattle and in 2009 only one of 97 red deer tested was found to be positive. The surveillance and removal of positive domestic animals coincided with a significant decrease in the prevalence of brucellosis in red deer. Our results suggest that red deer may not be able to maintain brucellosis in this region independently of cattle, sheep or goats, and that continued efforts to control disease in livestock may lead to the eventual eradication of brucellosis in red deer in the area.

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Additional publication details

Publication type Article
Publication Subtype Journal Article
Title Decreasing prevalence of brucellosis in red deer through efforts to control disease in livestock
Series title Epidemiology and Infection
DOI 10.1017/S0950268811000951
Volume 139
Issue 10
Year Published 2011
Language English
Publisher Cambridge University Press
Contributing office(s) Contaminant Biology Program, Northern Rocky Mountain Science Center
Description 5 p.
Larger Work Type Article
Larger Work Subtype Journal Article
Larger Work Title Epidemiology and Infection
First page 1626
Last page 1630
Other Geospatial Boumort National Game Reserve