Long-term variability in Northern Hemisphere snow cover and associations with warmer winters

Climatic Change
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A monthly snow accumulation and melt model is used with gridded monthly temperature and precipitation data for the Northern Hemisphere to generate time series of March snow-covered area (SCA) for the period 1905 through 2002. The time series of estimated SCA for March is verified by comparison with previously published time series of SCA for the Northern Hemisphere. The time series of estimated Northern Hemisphere March SCA shows a substantial decrease since about 1970, and this decrease corresponds to an increase in mean winter Northern Hemisphere temperature. The increase in winter temperature has caused a decrease in the fraction of precipitation that occurs as snow and an increase in snowmelt for some parts of the Northern Hemisphere, particularly the mid-latitudes, thus reducing snow packs and March SCA. In addition, the increase in winter temperature and the decreases in SCA appear to be associated with a contraction of the circumpolar vortex and a poleward movement of storm tracks, resulting in decreased precipitation (and snow) in the low- to mid-latitudes and an increase in precipitation (and snow) in high latitudes. If Northern Hemisphere winter temperatures continue to warm as they have since the 1970s, then March SCA will likely continue to decrease.
Publication type Article
Publication Subtype Journal Article
Title Long-term variability in Northern Hemisphere snow cover and associations with warmer winters
Series title Climatic Change
DOI 10.1007/s10584-009-9675-2
Volume 99
Issue 1-2
Year Published 2010
Language English
Publisher Springer
Contributing office(s) National Research Program - Central Region
Larger Work Type Article
Larger Work Subtype Journal Article
Larger Work Title Climatic Change
First page 141
Last page 153
Country United States
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