Perchlorate (ClO4-) is a widespread contaminant found in drinking water and groundwater that has caused far-reaching ramifications ranging from public health issues to potential liabilities arising from environmental clean-up requirements.
The chapter summarizes recent developments in highly selective and regenerable ion exchange technologies for removing ClO4- from contaminated water. The technologies rely on a unique, highly specific resin to trap ClO4-. The resin is then
regenerated and ClO4- is either destroyed or recovered—leading to significant cost reduction and waste minimization. The ability to recover trace quantities of pure ClO4- from contaminated media also allows unambiguous identification of the
sources of its contamination through stable isotope ratio analysis of chlorine and oxygen atoms. We provide detailed descriptions of the techniques for extracting, purifying, and crystallizing trade amounts of ClO4- and characterizing its isotopic
composition for fingerprinting in the environment.