North America: Chapter 5

By: , and 
Edited by: Mark D. Schwartz



Plant phenological observations and networks in North America have been largely local and regional in extent until recent decades. In the USA, cloned plant monitoring networks were the exception to this pattern, with data collection spanning the late 1950s until approximately the early 1990s. Animal observation networks, especially for birds have been more extensive. The USA National Phenology Network (USA-NPN), established in the mid-2000s is a recent effort to operate a comprehensive national-scale network in the United States. In Canada, PlantWatch, as part of Nature Watch, is the current national-scale plant phenology program.

Additional publication details

Publication type Book chapter
Publication Subtype Book Chapter
Title North America: Chapter 5
DOI 10.1007/978-94-007-6925-0_5
Edition 2nd
Year Published 2013
Language English
Publisher Springer
Contributing office(s) National Phenology Network
Description 23 p.
Larger Work Type Book
Larger Work Title Phenology: an integrative environmental science
First page 67
Last page 89