2013 National Park visitor spending effects: economic contributions to local communities, states, and the nation

Natural Resource Report NPS/NRSS/EQD/NRR--2014/824
By: , and 

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Abstract

The National Park Service (NPS) manages the nation's most iconic destinations that attract millions of visitors form across the nation and around the world. Trip-related spending by NPS visitors generates and supports a considerable amount of economic activity within park gateway communities. This economic effects analysis measures how NPS visitor spending cycles through local economies, generating business sales and supporting jobs and income.

 

In 2013, the National Park System received over 273 million recreation visits. NPS visitors spent $14.6 billion in local gateway regions (defined as communities within 60 miles of a park). The contribution of this spending to the national economy was 238 thousand jobs, $9.2 billion in labor income, $15.6 billion in value added, and $26.5 billion in output. The lodging sector saw the highest direct contributions with 38 thousand jobs and $4.4 billion in output directly contributed to local gateway economies nationally. The sector with the next greatest direct contributions was restaurants and bats, with 50 thousand jobs and $2.0 billion in output directly contributed to local gateway economies nationally.

 

While it is typical for visitation levels to fluctuate across the park units each year, system-wide visitation estimates in 2013 declines by 3.2% (or 9.1 million visits) compared ro 2012 (Street, 2014). Although many factors can influence park visitsation, two events signficiantly contrubuterd to this decline: the Government shutdown in October 2013, and lonf-term park closures related to the lasting effects of Hurrican Sandt from October 2012 through July 2013.

Additional publication details

Publication type Report
Publication Subtype Federal Government Series
Title 2013 National Park visitor spending effects: economic contributions to local communities, states, and the nation
Series title Natural Resource Report
Series number NPS/NRSS/EQD/NRR--2014/824
Year Published 2014
Language English
Publisher National Park Service
Publisher location Fort Collins, CO
Contributing office(s) Fort Collins Science Center
Description vi, 42 p.
Online Only (Y/N) N
Additional Online Files (Y/N) N