Assembling evidence for identifying reservoirs of infection

Trends in Ecology and Evolution
By: , and 

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Abstract

Many pathogens persist in multihost systems, making the identification of infection reservoirs crucial for devising effective interventions. Here, we present a conceptual framework for classifying patterns of incidence and prevalence, and review recent scientific advances that allow us to study and manage reservoirs simultaneously. We argue that interventions can have a crucial role in enriching our mechanistic understanding of how reservoirs function and should be embedded as quasi-experimental studies in adaptive management frameworks. Single approaches to the study of reservoirs are unlikely to generate conclusive insights whereas the formal integration of data and methodologies, involving interventions, pathogen genetics, and contemporary surveillance techniques, promises to open up new opportunities to advance understanding of complex multihost systems.

Additional publication details

Publication type Article
Publication Subtype Journal Article
Title Assembling evidence for identifying reservoirs of infection
Series title Trends in Ecology and Evolution
DOI 10.1016/j.tree.2014.03.002
Volume 29
Issue 5
Year Published 2014
Language English
Publisher Elsevier
Publisher location Amsterdam
Contributing office(s) Contaminant Biology Program, Northern Rocky Mountain Science Center
Description 10 p.
First page 270
Last page 279
Online Only (Y/N) N
Additional Online Files (Y/N) N