Fecal indicator organism modeling and microbial source tracking in environmental waters: Chapter 3.4.6

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Abstract

Mathematical models have been widely applied to surface waters to estimate rates of settling, resuspension, flow, dispersion, and advection in order to calculate movement of particles that influence water quality. Of particular interest are the movement, survival, and persistence of microbial pathogens or their surrogates, which may contaminate recreational water, drinking water, or shellfish. Most models devoted to microbial water quality have been focused on fecal indicator organisms (FIO), which act as a surrogate for pathogens and viruses. Process-based modeling and statistical modeling have been used to track contamination events to source and to predict future events. The use of these two types of models require different levels of expertise and input; process-based models rely on theoretical physical constructs to explain present conditions and biological distribution while data-based, statistical models use extant paired data to do the same. The selection of the appropriate model and interpretation of results is critical to proper use of these tools in microbial source tracking. Integration of the modeling approaches could provide insight for tracking and predicting contamination events in real time. A review of modeling efforts reveals that process-based modeling has great promise for microbial source tracking efforts; further, combining the understanding of physical processes influencing FIO contamination developed with process-based models and molecular characterization of the population by gene-based (i.e., biological) or chemical markers may be an effective approach for locating sources and remediating contamination in order to protect human health better.

Additional publication details

Publication type Book chapter
Publication Subtype Book Chapter
Title Fecal indicator organism modeling and microbial source tracking in environmental waters: Chapter 3.4.6
DOI 10.1128/9781555818821.ch3.4.6
Edition 4
Year Published 2016
Language English
Publisher ASM Press
Publisher location Washington, D.C.
Contributing office(s) Great Lakes Science Center
Description 16 p.
Larger Work Type Book
Larger Work Subtype Monograph
Larger Work Title Manual of Environmental Microbiology
First page 3.4.6-1
Last page 3.4.6-16