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Male germplasm in relation to environmental conditions: synoptic focus on DNA

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Edited by: Terrence R. Tiersch and Christopher C. Green

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Abstract

Wild animals are generally more sensitive than humans to environmental stressors, thus they act as sentinels for resource degradation. Sublethal stress is generally manifested first at the sub-organismal level, where immune systems are compromised, reproductive success is reduced, and genetic integrity is altered. Biomarkers - variables quantifiably responsive to changes in the environment - provide useful information to resource managers and regulatory agencies. Biomarkers of sperm quality are proving useful in this capacity, as well as in artificial breeding. Cellular and molecular bioassays can help to determine mechanisms of action of deleterious agents, predict fertility and reproductive potential, and model population-wide and community level effects. A sequence of biomarker assays can be tailored to fit species of concern, to study physiological effects responsive to known contamination events, and can be selectively applied to fresh, thawed, and fixed samples, as well as those shipped to the laboratory from field sites.

Additional publication details

Publication type Book chapter
Publication Subtype Book Chapter
Title Male germplasm in relation to environmental conditions: synoptic focus on DNA
Year Published 2011
Language English
Publisher The World Aquaculture Society
Publisher location Baton Rouge, LA
Contributing office(s) National Wetlands Research Center
Description 13 p.
Larger Work Type Book
Larger Work Title Cryopreservation in Aquatic Species
First page 227
Last page 239
Online Only (Y/N) N
Additional Online Files (Y/N) N