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Data mining for water resource management part 2 - methods and approaches to solving contemporary problems

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Abstract

This is the second of two papers that describe how data mining can aid natural-resource managers with the difficult problem of controlling the interactions between hydrologic and man-made systems. Data mining is a new science that assists scientists in converting large databases into knowledge, and is uniquely able to leverage the large amounts of real-time, multivariate data now being collected for hydrologic systems. Part 1 gives a high-level overview of data mining, and describes several applications that have addressed major water resource issues in South Carolina. This Part 2 paper describes how various data mining methods are integrated to produce predictive models for controlling surface- and groundwater hydraulics and quality. The methods include: - signal processing to remove noise and decompose complex signals into simpler components; - time series clustering that optimally groups hundreds of signals into "classes" that behave similarly for data reduction and (or) divide-and-conquer problem solving; - classification which optimally matches new data to behavioral classes; - artificial neural networks which optimally fit multivariate data to create predictive models; - model response surface visualization that greatly aids in understanding data and physical processes; and, - decision support systems that integrate data, models, and graphics into a single package that is easy to use.

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Additional publication details

Publication type Conference Paper
Publication Subtype Conference Paper
Title Data mining for water resource management part 2 - methods and approaches to solving contemporary problems
Year Published 2010
Language English
Publisher Clemson University Center for Watershed Excellence
Contributing office(s) South Atlantic Water Science Center
Description 5 p.
Larger Work Type Conference Paper
Larger Work Title Proceedings of the 2010 South Carolina Water Resources Conference
Conference Title 2010 South Carolina Water Resources Conference
Conference Location Columbia, South Carolina
Conference Date October 13-14 2010
Country United States
State South Carolina
Online Only (Y/N) N
Additional Online Files (Y/N) N