Alternative aircraft anti-icing formulations with reduced aquatic toxicity and biochemical oxygen demand

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Abstract

The current research was conducted to identify alternative aircraft and pavement deicer and anti-icer formulations with improved environmental characteristics compared to currently used commercial products (2007). The environmental characteristics of primary concern are the biochemical oxygen demand (BOD) and aquatic toxicity of the fully formulated products. Except when the distinction among products is necessary for clarity, “deicer” will refer to aircraft-deicing fluids (ADFs), aircraft anti-icing fluids (AAFs), and pavementdeicing materials (PDMs).

Additional publication details

Publication type Report
Publication Subtype Organization Series
Title Alternative aircraft anti-icing formulations with reduced aquatic toxicity and biochemical oxygen demand
Year Published 2010
Language English
Publisher Cooperative Research Programs
Contributing office(s) Wisconsin Water Science Center
Description 141 p.
Online Only (Y/N) N
Additional Online Files (Y/N) N