Species-specific patterns of hyperostosis in marine teleost fishes

Marine Biology
By: , and 



The occurrence of swollen or hyperostotic bones in skeletal preparations, preserved museum material or whole fresh specimens of marine teleost fishes was identified in 92 species belonging to 22 families. Patterns of hyperostotic skeletal growth were typically consistent and often species-specific in all individuals larger than a certain size. The taxonomic distribution of hyperostosis in diverse phylogenetic groups suggests that it has arisen independently many times. Selected bones from two species of the family Carangidae, horse-eye jack Caranx latus Agassiz and crevalle jackCaranx hippos (Linnaeus), were examined in detail by light and electron microscopy. Nonhyperostotic bone contained osteoid-producing osteoblasts, resorbing osteoclasts, occasional osteocytes, and a rich vascular network, all characteristics of cellular bone. Thus, these fishes have a spatial juxtaposition of cellular and acellular bone tissues in adjacent and often serially homologous bone sites. The functional significance of hyperostosis is unknown, but it is a predictable manifestation of bone growth and development for the many taxa in which it occurs.

Additional publication details

Publication type Article
Publication Subtype Journal Article
Title Species-specific patterns of hyperostosis in marine teleost fishes
Series title Marine Biology
DOI 10.1007/BF00349291
Volume 121
Issue 4
Year Published 1995
Language English
Publisher Springer
Contributing office(s) Southeast Ecological Science Center
Description 8 p.
First page 573
Last page 580
Online Only (Y/N) N
Additional Online Files (Y/N) N
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