Exposure assessment of veterinary medicines in aquatic systems

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The release of veterinary medicines into the aquatic environment may occur through direct or indirect pathways. An example of direct release is the use of medicines in aquaculture (Armstrong et al. 2005; Davies et al. 1998), where chemicals used to treat fish are added directly to water. Indirect releases, in which medicines make their way to water through transport from other matrices, include the application of animal manure to land or direct excretion of residues onto pasture land, from which the therapeutic chemicals may be transported into the aquatic environment (Jørgensen and Halling-Sørensen 2000; Boxall et al. 2003, 2004). Veterinary medicines used to treat companion animals may also be transported into the aquatic environment through disposal of unused medicines, veterinary waste, or animal carcasses (Daughton and Ternes 1999, Boxall et al. 2004). The potential for a veterinary medicine to be released to the aquatic environment will be determined by several different criteria, including the method of treatment, agriculture or aquaculture practices, environmental conditions, and the properties of the veterinary medicine.

Additional publication details

Publication type Book chapter
Publication Subtype Book Chapter
Title Exposure assessment of veterinary medicines in aquatic systems
Chapter 4
DOI 10.1201/9781420084771.ch4
Year Published 2008
Language English
Publisher CRC Press
Publisher location Boca Raton
Contributing office(s) Iowa Water Science Center
Description 40 p.
Larger Work Type Book
Larger Work Subtype Monograph
Larger Work Title Veterinary medicines in the environment
First page 57
Last page 96
Online Only (Y/N) N
Additional Online Files (Y/N) N
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