Snake River fall chinook salmon Oncorhynchustshawytscha have declined in abundance the last three decades and now managers are seeking methods to restore the population, Estimates of adult fish returning to the Snake River prior to 1957 number in the tens of thousands (Irving and Bjornn 1981), compared to a range of about 300-750 for 1991-1995 (Lavoy 1995). As a result, Snake River fall chinook salmon were listed as threatened under the Endangered Species Act (USFWS 1988) in 1992 (NMFS 1992) and the Snake and Clearwater rivers were identified as critical habitat (NMFS 1995). Resource managers are attempting to recover the population of Snake River fall chinook salmon, but the fish are restricted to a small part of historical production areas.
The objectives of this segment of our study were to (1) describe the early life history characteristics of naturally produced subyearling fall chinook salmon in the Snake and Clearwater rivers, and (2) estimate survival for juvenile fall chinook salmon emigrating from the Snake and Clearwater rivers to the tail race of Lower Granite Dam.
Additional publication details
|Publication Subtype||State/Local Government Series|
|Title||Early life history and survival of natural subyearling fall chinook salmon in the Snake and Clearwater rivers in 1995|
|Publisher||U. S. Department of Energy - Bonneville Power Administration|
|Publisher location||Portland, OR|
|Larger Work Title||Identification of the spawning, rearing, and migratory requirements of fall chinook salmon in the Columbia River basin, annual report 1995|
|State||Idaho, Oregon, Washington|
|Other Geospatial||Clearwater River, Snake River|
|Online Only (Y/N)||N|
|Additional Online Files (Y/N)||N|