Trends in conservation research and management in Hawai‘i over the past 20 years

Pacific Conservation Biology
By: , and 

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Abstract

Hawaiʻi, an archipelago of the most isolated inhabited islands on the planet, faces unique and extreme challenges to its biodiversity. We examined how the conservation community has responded to these challenges and how the responses have changed over time, using twenty years of abstracts from the Hawaiʻi Conservation Conference, a yearly gathering of the majority of scientists, managers and the public in Hawaiʻi. Of the 2145 abstracts considered, 60% percent reported research results; 40.0% reported information on conservation and resource management programmes and institutions (i.e., non-research abstracts). Initially, applied research abstracts predominated, but in recent years the number of basic research abstracts has become similar. Across taxonomic groups, terrestrial plants, mammals and birds were the dominant research subjects, fish, algae and fungi were noticeably less studied relative to their diversity in Hawaiʻi. Bird and fish species studied were mostly native; research on most other taxa was evenly divided between native and non-native species. Topics have oscillated in frequency over the years, but there have been no dramatic trends, with the exception of climate change and Local Ecological Knowledge (LEK). Although there is an increasing trend in LEK and cross-disciplinary studies, the number of related abstracts have remained uncommon through the period, accounting for less than 5.0% of total research abstracts analyzed. Our results offer an oportunity for the conservation community to take a closer look at reported effort to better address key conservation questions for Hawaiʻi.

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Additional publication details

Publication type Article
Publication Subtype Journal Article
Title Trends in conservation research and management in Hawai‘i over the past 20 years
Series title Pacific Conservation Biology
Volume 20
Issue 1
Year Published 2014
Language English
Publisher CSIRO Publishing
Contributing office(s) Pacific Island Ecosystems Research Center
Description 9 p.
First page 392
Last page 400
Country United States
State Hawaiʻi
Online Only (Y/N) N
Additional Online Files (Y/N) N