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Landslides triggered by Hurricane Hugo in eastern Puerto Rico, September 1989

Caribbean Journal of Science
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Abstract

On the morning of September 18, 1989, a category-four hurricane struck eastern Puerto Rico with a sustained wind speed in excess of 46 m/s. The 24-h rainfall accumulation from the hurricane ranged from 100 to 339 mm. Average rainfall intensities ranging from 34 to 39 mm/h were calculated for 4 and 6 h periods, respectively, at a rain gage equipped with satellite telemetry, and at an observer station. The hurricane rainfall triggered more than 400 landslides in the steeply sloping, highly dissected mountains of eastern Puerto Rico. Of these landslides, 285 were mapped from aerial photography which covered 6474 ha. Many of the mapped landslides were on northeast- and northwest-facing slopes at the eastern terminus of the mountains, nearest the hurricane path. The surface area of individual landslides ranged from 18 m2 to 4500 m2, with a median size of 148 m2. The 285 landslides disturbed 0.11% of the land surface in the area covered by aerial photographs. An approximate denudation rate of 164 mm/1000 y was calculated from the volume of material eroded by landsliding and the 10-y rainfall recurrence interval.

Additional publication details

Publication type Article
Publication Subtype Journal Article
Title Landslides triggered by Hurricane Hugo in eastern Puerto Rico, September 1989
Series title Caribbean Journal of Science
Volume 28
Issue 3-4
Year Published 1992
Language English
Publisher University of Puerto Rico
Publisher location Mayagüez, Puerto Rico
Contributing office(s) Caribbean Water Science Center
Description 13 p.
First page 113
Last page 125
Online Only (Y/N) N
Additional Online Files (Y/N) N